25,000-18,000 BC – Flint arrowheads are found.
9000 BC – Arrow shafts are found.
8000 – 6000 BC – One-piece yew (elm) bow is found.
7500 BC – A rock fresco of an Egyptian archer is discovered.
3500 BC – Egyptians establish the longbow as the primary weapon of war.
3300 BC – The preserved body of a man who carried a quiver of 14 arrows is found on the Similaun Glacier in the Alps (discovery made in 1991).
1800 BC – The Assyrians introduce the recurve-shaped bow, a short composite bow of leather, horn and wood.
1200 BC – The Hittites use the short recurve bow in mobile warfare by shooting from their light and fast chariots.
1066 – The Normans defeat the Anglo-Saxons at the Battle of Hastings mainly due to their archery and tactical skills.
13th-14th centuries – Longbow-men become the core of the English army.
1363 – English kings require Englishmen to practice archery on Sunday and holidays, a discipline which was given priority over any other sport.
15th century – The tales of Robin Hood enter popular culture.
16th century – The value of the bow as a war weapon declines after the invention of firearms.
1537 – Under King Henry VIII of England’s directions, Sir Christopher Morris establishes the Guild of St. George, the first archery society.
1545 – Toxophilus, a book about longbow archery by Roger Ascham is published.
1620s – European settlers bring their knowledge of bowmaking to the North American continent.
1673 – The first Ancient Scorton Silver Arrow Contest is first held in Yokshire in England – and continues to be held today.
1787 – Women are first admitted into an archery society and are allowed to compete in the Ancient Scorton Silver Arrow Contest.
1828 – The first archery club on the North American continent is the United Bowmen of Philadelphia.
1878 – Will and Maurice Thompson learn archery from the Florida Indians. Maurice authors The Witchery of Archery.
1879 – The National Archery Association (NAA) is founded and begun holding national tournaments.
1900 – Archery becomes an official Olympic event at the Paris Olympic Games.
1920 – The second time when archery is an event in the Olympics (held in Belgium).
1931 – Fédération Internationale de Tir à l’Arc (FITA) is founded in Poland.
1937 – Bowsights are first used at an NAA tournament.
1938 – Ben Pearson sets up a company to mass-produce archery equipment.
1939 – The National Field Archery Association is established.
1951 – Plastic vanes are first used to replace feathers on arrows.
1960s – H.W. Alan from Missouri, USA, invents the compund bow.
1961 – Hoyt Archery Company makes bows with attached stabilizers.
1970 – Release aids for compound bows start being used in NAA competitions.
1972 – Archery becomes once again a permanent event at the Olympic Games in Munich.
2011 – FITA changes its name to World Archery Federation (WA).
Sources: Archery: Steps to Success by Kathleen Haywood and Catherine Lewis